Features - News Feature
SEPTEMBER 1, 1994
The A-Z of Formula 1 Jargon
BY JOE SAWARD
Formula 1 has a language all of their own which cane be rather difficult to understand. Here we offer you a few of the more common phrases which one hears in a Grand Prix paddock.
A driver without finesse (see Gorilla).
Steel safety barriers around every racing circuit are often called Armco after an American company which produced it. The company does not like its name mentioned in relation to accidents.
When one driver gets in the way of another and slows him down. Baulking is a source of much annoyance between drivers in qualifying.
A verb which is used only in motor racing. To be black-flagged means that a driver must go to the pits, having been shown a black flag. A race or qualifying session can also be red-flagged, which means that all drivers must go to the pits.
This is similar to baulking, but conveys more deliberation.
When one driver goes faster than another, he blows him away.
Derived from the American expression boondock this is a large open space where a driver ends up if he has a big off into a field.
No-one in F1 does anything without a very large amount of money to pay for the activity.
A type of engine induction system. Also what some drivers suffer in their stomachs before races.
Formula 1 is very international and there are many Euro-mots in F1. A carambolage is a large accident involving many cars.
Formula 1 cars are built of carbonfibre composite materials. This is known as carbon (ie: a carbon monocoque = a chassis made of carbonfibre).
There are over a thousand F1 people who attend every race. They are known as the F1 circus.
A popular aerodynamic layout at the rear end of an F1 car (when seen from above) is said to resemble a coke bottle.
The rules of the sport where laid down in an agreement between the teams and the governing body of motor racing in 1982. This is still in force.
The wings of Formula 1 cars travelling at high-speed produce this in huge quantities. It pushes the car into the ground and enables it to go round corners in defiance of normal gravitational laws. If run upside down at 100mph an F1 car would stay on a ceiling.
All F1 cars have flat bottoms. This is to make sure that they do not create too much ground-effect. It means that when they get air under them they tend to flip up dramatically.
A qualifying lap with during which a driver will take extra risks to ensure a better grid position. Also known as a flying lap.
A catch-all expression for any electronic system on an F1 car. Most gizmos have now been banned.
What a driver does when he drives his car down the pitlane and on to the track.
When a car leaves the track. Tyres also 'go off' when they are worn out and no longer perform to their maximum potential.
A driver without finesse. In the 1970s Vittorio Brambilla was known as The Monza Gorilla. More recently it has been applied to Frenchman Olivier Grouillard because of Anglo-Saxon difficulty pronouncing his name. Rockape has a similar meaning.
When a driver leaves the track his car often throws up grass in his wake. This is called grass-cutting.
A description used for a track when it has not been used for a long time and does not have any rubber down.
An aerodynamic phenomenon by which movement of air around a car creates low pressure under the vehicle and sucks it to the ground, allowing faster cornering.
A special engine for qualifying, designed to run very quickly for only a short space of time.
An antiquated way of measuring engine power outputs. The current F1 engines produce power equal to that of 780 horses.
The all-purpose name of Finnish driver Jyrki Jarvilehto. He is known as Jay-Jay in English, Gigi in French and Italian and Hotta-Hotta in Spanish.
An Australian expression for a sand trap, a safety device designed to slow a car if it goes off the track.
Every circuit has a good racing line. If one is off this line one may encounter marbles, small pieces of debris which are very slippery and may cause a car to go off.
Abbreviation for maximum. Also the name of FIA President Max Mosley.
All modern F1 cars have wooden strips on the bottom edge of the front wing endplates. These aid under-chassis aerodynamics.
When a car leaves the racing circuit it has an off.
When one driver brakes later than another going into a corner. If he goes off doing this a driver is said to have outbraked himself.
The worst possible situation. Also the garages (sometimes known as boxes) where the cars are prepared.
Every F1 car has aerodynamic boxes on either side of the cockpit. These are called pods or sidepods.
A wooden dais on which the first three drivers stand after the race. To get a podium means to finish in the top three places.
Ferrari's insignia features a black horse rearing up. The team is often called The Prancing Horse. It is also referred to as 'Maranello' after the team's base in Italy.
F1's doctor, the eminent brain surgeon Professor Sid Watkins, is The Prof. He should not be confused with 'The Professor', which was Alain Prost's nickname nor with Hissing Sid, a cobra which was the Brabham team logo for many years.
A driver goes to the ragged edge when he is pushing the car to its absolute limit, usually in qualifying.
When drivers lose their cool they are said to suffer from a red mist coming down.
When one's car stops in a race. Also what drivers go into at the end of their careers.
When F1 cars run in the wet they throw up trails of spray behind them. These are rooster-tails because of their shape.
In F1 circles anyone English is referred to by the French and the Italians after a celebrated national dish. The French equivalent of the British expression Frogs.
Tyres leave rubber on a racing track. When rubber has gone down (been laid) a track has much more grip and is quicker. This can become complicated when explaining to girls.
The area available for a driver between the track and the barriers.
Another word from a hand grenade
An accident involving impact with anything solid. In his youth the late James Hunt was known as Hunt the Shunt because of his spectacular style.
In mid-July the F1 teams begin to manouevre into new alliances for the following season. This period of negotiating is known as the silly season.
Drivers use several see-through plastic attachments on the front of their visors so that they can always have the best visibility possible. When the strips are dirty they tear them off.
This is the name of the Ferrari team's enthusiastic fans. It derives from the Italian word for the fever typhus.
Terms which reflect the way a car handles for its driver. A car which will not turn corners suffers from understeer, while a car which turns too quickly suffers from oversteer.
Each cylinder of an F1 engines has a trumpet through which air enters. The height of these trumpets can be altered by high-speed hydraulics and thus they become variable trumpets.
The lap before a flying lap is used by the driver to make sure the car is ready to go to the limit. There is also a warm-up session on Sunday morning before each race.
There are two basic types of F1 tyre. The wet, which is used in rainy conditions, is grooved. The slick, which is used in the dry, is flat, ensuring a maximum surface area of rubber to hold the car on the track.
Aerodynamic devices fitted to cars which create downforce by transferring lateral wind forces into pressure which pushes the car towards the ground.
Suspension triangles which are shaped like the chicken bone.