NEWS FEATURE

The A-Z of Formula 1 Jargon

Put butterflies in your trumpets and you may have a hand grenade

Formula 1 has a language all of their own which cane be rather difficult to understand. Here we offer you a few of the more common phrases which one hears in a Grand Prix paddock.

Animal

A driver without finesse (see Gorilla).

Armco

Steel safety barriers around every racing circuit are often called Armco after an American company which produced it. The company does not like its name mentioned in relation to accidents.

Baulk

When one driver gets in the way of another and slows him down. Baulking is a source of much annoyance between drivers in qualifying.

Black-flag

A verb which is used only in motor racing. To be black-flagged means that a driver must go to the pits, having been shown a black flag. A race or qualifying session can also be red-flagged, which means that all drivers must go to the pits.

Blocking

This is similar to baulking, but conveys more deliberation.

Blow away

When one driver goes faster than another, he blows him away.

Blues

The nickname of the French racing team Ligier and the current state in which the team finds itself after the arrest of its owner Cyril de Rouvre.

Boonies

Derived from the American expression boondock this is a large open space where a driver ends up if he has a big off into a field.

Brundell Brothers

A useful combination of British racing drivers. Martin Brundle and Mark Blundell were teammates at Brabham in 1991 and again at Ligier in 1993.

Budget

No-one in F1 does anything without a very large amount of money to pay for the activity.

Butterflies

A type of engine induction system. Also what some drivers suffer in their stomachs before races.

Carambolage

Formula 1 is very international and there are many Euro-mots in F1. A carambolage is a large accident involving many cars.

Carbon

Formula 1 cars are built of carbonfibre composite materials. This is known as carbon (ie: a carbon monocoque = a chassis made of carbonfibre).

Circus

There are over a thousand F1 people who attend every race. They are known as the F1 circus.

Coke-bottle

A popular aerodynamic layout at the rear end of an F1 car (when seen from above) is said to resemble a coke bottle.

Concorde Agreement

The rules of the sport where laid down in an agreement between the teams and the governing body of motor racing in 1982. This is still in force.

Downforce

The wings of Formula 1 cars travelling at high-speed produce this in huge quantities. It pushes the car into the ground and enables it to go round corners in defiance of normal gravitational laws. If run upside down at 100mph an F1 car would stay on a ceiling.

Flat bottom

All F1 cars have flat bottoms. This is to make sure that they do not create too much ground-effect. It means that when they get air under them they tend to flip up dramatically.

Flyer

A qualifying lap with during which a driver will take extra risks to ensure a better grid position. Also known as a flying lap.

Gizmo

A catch-all expression for any electronic system on an F1 car. Most gizmos have now been banned.

Going out

What a driver does when he drives his car down the pitlane and on to the track.

Going off

When a car leaves the track. Tyres also 'go off' when they are worn out and no longer perform to their maximum potential.

Gorilla

A driver without finesse. In the 1970s Vittorio Brambilla was known as The Monza Gorilla. More recently it has been applied to Frenchman Olivier Grouillard because of Anglo-Saxon difficulty pronouncing his name. Rockape has a similar meaning.

Grass-cutting

When a driver leaves the track his car often throws up grass in his wake. This is called grass-cutting.

Green

A description used for a track when it has not been used for a long time and does not have any rubber down.

Ground-effect

An aerodynamic phenomenon by which movement of air around a car creates low pressure under the vehicle and sucks it to the ground, allowing faster cornering.

Hand grenade

A special engine for qualifying, designed to run very quickly for only a short space of time.

Horsepower

An antiquated way of measuring engine power outputs. The current F1 engines produce power equal to that of 780 horses.

JJ

The all-purpose name of Finnish driver Jyrki Jarvilehto. He is known as Jay-Jay in English, Gigi in French and Italian and Hotta-Hotta in Spanish.

Kittylitter

An Australian expression for a sand trap, a safety device designed to slow a car if it goes off the track.

Marbles

Every circuit has a good racing line. If one is off this line one may encounter marbles, small pieces of debris which are very slippery and may cause a car to go off.

Max

Abbreviation for maximum. Also the name of FIA President Max Mosley.

Miniskirts

All modern F1 cars have wooden strips on the bottom edge of the front wing endplates. These aid under-chassis aerodynamics.

Off

When a car leaves the racing circuit it has an off.

Outbrake

When one driver brakes later than another going into a corner. If he goes off doing this a driver is said to have outbraked himself.

Pits

The worst possible situation. Also the garages (sometimes known as boxes) where the cars are prepared.

Pods

Every F1 car has aerodynamic boxes on either side of the cockpit. These are called pods or sidepods.

Podium

A wooden dais on which the first three drivers stand after the race. To get a podium means to finish in the top three places.

Prancing Horse

Ferrari's insignia features a black horse rearing up. The team is often called The Prancing Horse. It is also referred to as 'Maranello' after the team's base in Italy.

Prof

F1's doctor, the eminent brain surgeon Professor Sid Watkins, is The Prof. He should not be confused with 'The Professor', which was Alain Prost's nickname nor with Hissing Sid, a cobra which was the Brabham team logo for many years.

Ragged edge

A driver goes to the ragged edge when he is pushing the car to its absolute limit, usually in qualifying.

Red mist

When drivers lose their cool they are said to suffer from a red mist coming down.

Retirement

When one's car stops in a race. Also what drivers go into at the end of their careers.

Ronspeak

A marketing patois named after McLaren boss Ron Dennis, who peppers conversations with expressions such as 'interface', 'envelope' and 'window of opportunity.

Rooster-tails

When F1 cars run in the wet they throw up trails of spray behind them. These are rooster-tails because of their shape.

Rosbif

In F1 circles anyone English is referred to by the French and the Italians after a celebrated national dish. The French equivalent of the British expression Frogs.

Rubber

Tyres leave rubber on a racing track. When rubber has gone down (been laid) a track has much more grip and is quicker. This can become complicated when explaining to girls.

Run-off

The area available for a driver between the track and the barriers.

Screamer

Another word from a hand grenade

Shunt

An accident involving impact with anything solid. In his youth the late James Hunt was known as Hunt the Shunt because of his spectacular style.

Silly Season

In mid-July the F1 teams begin to manouevre into new alliances for the following season. This period of negotiating is known as the silly season.

Tear-offs

Drivers use several see-through plastic attachments on the front of their visors so that they can always have the best visibility possible. When the strips are dirty they tear them off.

Tifosi

This is the name of the Ferrari team's enthusiastic fans. It derives from the Italian word for the fever typhus.

Understeer, oversteer

Terms which reflect the way a car handles for its driver. A car which will not turn corners suffers from understeer, while a car which turns too quickly suffers from oversteer.

Variable trumpets

Each cylinder of an F1 engines has a trumpet through which air enters. The height of these trumpets can be altered by high-speed hydraulics and thus they become variable trumpets.

Warm-up

The lap before a flying lap is used by the driver to make sure the car is ready to go to the limit. There is also a warm-up session on Sunday morning before each race.

Wets/Slicks

There are two basic types of F1 tyre. The wet, which is used in rainy conditions, is grooved. The slick, which is used in the dry, is flat, ensuring a maximum surface area of rubber to hold the car on the track.

Wings

Aerodynamic devices fitted to cars which create downforce by transferring lateral wind forces into pressure which pushes the car towards the ground.

Wishbone

Suspension triangles which are shaped like the chicken bone.

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